Queen of sheba

Question: "Who was the Queen of Sheba? Sheba, believed to be either in Ethiopia or Yemen by most biblical scholars, was a well-established city, and, although there is little evidence outside the Bible as to the nature of the monarchy and how it was established, it is clear that the Queen of Sheba ruled alone and was not enamored with the religions in her own land.

Sources outside the Bible suggest that the Queen of Sheba conceived a child in secret with King Solomon, while some Bible commentators have suggested that the nameless woman in the Song of Solomon is the Queen of Sheba with the man being King Solomon. Both are speculative and, while interesting, cannot be declared factual.

Jesus refers to her, reaffirming her historical personage, as a means to illustrate the point that, despite being originally pagan in belief and Gentile in race, the Queen of Sheba recognized the truth and reality of God, unlike the religious leaders who opposed Jesus. As such, they would be condemned for their ignorant and defiant nature. Two lessons can be learned from the story of the Queen of Sheba.

Share this page on:. Find Out How to All rights reserved. Privacy Policy This page last updated: January 2, In the biblical account of the reign of King Solomonshe visited his court at the head of a camel caravan bearing gold, jewels, and spices. The story provides evidence for the existence of important commercial relations between ancient Israel and Arabia. The Queen of Sheba is primarily known for her visit to King Solomon to witness his wisdom.

The precise beliefs of the Queen of Sheba prior to visiting Solomon are not quite known. The various traditions describe her as worshipping the Sun and other celestial objects. However, she is said to have begun believing in the God of Solomon after her visit. She replied by sending gifts, but, when Solomon proved unreceptive to them, she came to his court herself. Solomon then ordered the jinn to create a depilatory for the queen. She did, however, become a believer.

She stayed and learned from him for six months. On the last night of her visit, he tricked her into his bed, and she became pregnant. She returned to her kingdom, where she bore Solomon a son, Menilek. Menilek I was made king by his father, thus founding the royal Solomonic dynasty of Ethiopiawhich ruled until the deposition of Haile Selassie I in The story of the Queen of Sheba also appears among the Persians probably derived from Jewish traditionwhere she is considered the daughter of a Chinese king and a peri.

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queen of sheba

More About.The Queen of Sheba is a biblical character : a powerful queen who visited King Solomon. Whether she actually existed and who she was is still in question. The Queen of Sheba is one of the most famous figures in the Bible, yet nobody knows exactly who she was or where she came from. According to I Kings of the Hebrew scriptures, she visited King Solomon in Jerusalem after hearing of his great wisdom. However, the Bible does not mention either her given name or the location of her kingdom.

In Genesisin the so-called Table of Nations, two individuals are mentioned who some scholars have connected with the implied place name of the Queen of Sheba. Cush or Kush has been associated with the empire of Kusha land south of Egypt. Two primary strands of history connect to the Queen of Sheba, from opposite sides of the Red Sea. According to Arab and other Islamic sources, the Queen of Sheba was called "Bilqis," and ruled over a kingdom on the southern Arabian Peninsula in what is now Yemen.

Ethiopian records, on the other hand, claim that the Queen of Sheba was a monarch called "Makeda," who ruled the Axumite Empire based in northern Ethiopia. Interestingly enough, archaeological evidence indicates that as early as the tenth century B.

Four centuries later, the two regions were both under the sway of the city of Axum. Since the political and cultural ties between ancient Yemen and Ethiopia seem to have been incredibly strong, it may be that each of these traditions is correct, in a sense. The Queen of Sheba may have reigned over both Ethiopia and Yemen, but, of course, she couldn't have been born in both places.

Ethiopia 's national epic, the "Kebra Nagast" or "Glory of Kings" also considered a sacred text to Rastafarians tells the story of Queen Makeda from Axum, who traveled to Jerusalem to meet the famous Solomon the Wise.

Makeda and her entourage stayed for several months, and Solomon became smitten with the beautiful Ethiopian queen. As Makeda's visit neared its end, Solomon invited her to stay in the same wing of the castle as his own sleeping quarters. Makeda agreed, so long as Solomon didn't try to make any sexual advances.

Solomon acquiesced to this condition, but only if Makeda took nothing that was his. That evening, Solomon ordered a spicy and salty meal prepared.

He also had a glass of water set out beside Makeda's bed. When she awoke thirsty in the middle of the night, she drank the water, at which point Solomon came into the room and announced that Makeda had taken his water. They slept together, and when Makeda left to go back to Ethiopia, she was carrying Solomon's son. Menelik also went to Jerusalem to meet his father, and either received as a gift or stole the Ark of the Covenant, depending upon the version of the story. Although most Ethiopians today believe that Makeda was the biblical Queen of Sheba, many scholars give preference to a Yemeni origin instead.

An important component of Yemen's claim on the Queen of Sheba is the name. We know that a great kingdom called Saba existed in Yemen during this period, and historians suggest that Saba is Sheba. Islamic folklore holds that the Sabean queen's name was Bilqis. According to Sura 27 of the Quran, Bilqis and the people of Saba worshipped the sun as a god rather than adhering to Abrahamic monotheist beliefs. In this account, King Solomon sent her a letter inviting her to worship his God.

Bilqis perceived this as a threat and, fearing that the Jewish king would invade her country, was unsure how to respond. She decided to visit Solomon in person to find out more about him and his faith. In the Quran's version of the story, Solomon enlisted the help of a djinn or genie that transported Bilqis' throne from her castle to Solomon's in the blink of an eye.

The Queen of Sheba was so impressed with this feat, as well as Solomon's wisdom, that she decided to convert to his religion. Unlike the Ethiopian tale, in the Islamic version, there is no suggestion that Solomon and Sheba had an intimate relationship. One interesting facet of the Yemeni story is that Bilqis supposedly had goat hooves rather than human feet, either because her mother had eaten a goat while pregnant with her, or because she was herself a djinn. Unless archaeologists uncover new evidence to support either Ethiopia's or Yemen's claim to the Queen of Sheba, we will likely never know with certainty who she was.

Share Flipboard Email.In the original story, she brings a caravan of valuable gifts for the Israelite King Solomon. This tale has undergone extensive JewishIslamic and Ethiopian elaborations, and has become the subject of one of the most widespread and fertile cycles of legends in the Orient.

The queen's existence is disputed among historians. She came "to prove him with hard questions", which Solomon answered to her satisfaction. They exchanged gifts, after which she returned to her land. Virtually all modern scholars agree that Sheba was the South Arabian kingdom of Sabacentered around the oasis of Maribin present-day Yemen.

queen of sheba

Sheba was quite well known in the classical world, and its country was called Arabia Felix. In Ps. The alphabetic inscriptions from South Arabia furnish no evidence for women rulers, but Assyrian inscriptions repeatedly mention Arab queens in the north.

The Queen Of Sheba

Makada or Makuedathe personal name of the queen in Ethiopian legend, might be interpreted as a popular rendering of the title of mqtwyt.

The queen's visit could have been a trade mission. Bible stories of the Queen of Sheba and the ships of Ophir served as a basis for legends about the Israelites traveling in the Queen of Sheba's entourage when she returned to her country to bring up her child by Solomon. The mystical interpretation of the Song of Songswhich was felt as supplying a literal basis for the speculations of the allegorists, makes its first appearance in Origenwho wrote a voluminous commentary on the Song of Songs.

The former was the favorite opinion of the mystical interpreters to the end of the 18th century; the latter has obtained since its introduction by Good One legend has it that the Queen of Sheba brought Solomon the same gifts that the Magi later gave to Christ.

The story of Solomon and the queen was popular among Coptsas shown by fragments of a Coptic legend preserved in a Berlin papyrus.

The queen, having been subdued by deceit, gives Solomon a pillar on which all earthly science is inscribed. Solomon sends one of his demons to fetch the pillar from Ethiopia, whence it instantly arrives. In a Coptic poem, queen Yesaba of Cush asks riddles of Solomon. The fullest and most significant version of the legend appears in the Kebra Nagast Glory of the Kingsthe Ethiopian national saga, translated from Arabic in While the Abyssinian story offers much greater detail, it omits any mention of the Queen's hairy legs or any other element that might reflect on her unfavourably.

Based on the Gospels of Matthew and Lukethe "queen of the South" is claimed to be the queen of Ethiopia. In those times, King Solomon sought merchants from all over the world, in order to buy materials for the building of the Temple. Among them was Tamrin, great merchant of Queen Makeda of Ethiopia. Having returned to Ethiopia, Tamrin told the queen of the wonderful things he had seen in Jerusalem, and of Solomon's wisdom and generosity, whereupon she decided to visit Solomon.

She was warmly welcomed, given a palace for dwelling, and received great gifts every day. Solomon and Makeda spoke with great wisdom, and instructed by him, she converted to Judaism. Before she left, there was a great feast in the king's palace. Makeda stayed in the palace overnight, after Solomon had sworn that he would not do her any harm, while she swore in return that she would not steal from him.

As the meals had been spicy, Makeda awoke thirsty at night and went to drink some water, when Solomon appeared, reminding her of her oath.

She answered: "Ignore your oath, just let me drink water. Solomon gave Makeda a ring as a token of faith, and then she left. After the boy had grown up in Ethiopia, he went to Jerusalem carrying the ring and was received with great honors.

The king and the people tried in vain to persuade him to stay. Solomon gathered his nobles and announced that he would send his first-born son to Ethiopia together with their first-borns. He added that he was expecting a third son, who would marry the king of Rome's daughter and reign over Rome so that the entire world would be ruled by David's descendants.The Bible mentions a whole lot of people who remain a mystery to this day, from Adam and Eve to the Antichrist.

Naturally, many of these characters haven't been historically verified, and quite a few have been written off as nothing more than metaphors. The Queen of Sheba is one such figure, largely because she only shows up in one Biblical story. The tale goes that she heard King Solomon was this awesome, smart ruler. So she rolled up in all her gold and finery to test him with riddles. Solomon answered every question, and as a result, the queen was pretty impressed. She then gave him gifts of gold and spices, and in return, the obviously smitten king gave her "all she desired.

However, the queen is way too cool to just be featured in one Bible story. She actually appears in other tales in holy books like the Quran, but what's the real deal about this mysterious figure? Well, get ready for some tough riddles as we take a look at the true story of the Queen of Sheba. If we're going to talk about the Queen of Sheba, then we've got to ask a pretty obvious question.

Where exactly is Sheba? So if the queen were heading over to Israel to meet King Solomon, that would make for a really long trek through modern-day Saudia Arabia. Of course, that trip wouldn't be impossible for a determined queen with access to a lot of camels. However, the country that claims the Queen of Sheba most strongly is Ethiopia.

Queen of Sheba

Yes, it's a little farther from Israel than Yemen. It's also landlocked thanks to the present country of Somalia. But Christian Science Monitor confirms that Ethiopia had a lot of interaction with Israel and it's neighboring nations back in the day as a "gateway country" to the Middle East. Need proof? So King Solomon is suddenly visited by this beautiful black queen from a foreign land who wants to give him gifts and ask him riddles all night.

Plus, she's probably smelling great from all the incense. Is it crazy to assume he'd be a little interested in going further? Well, according to the tales, it's a little more complicated than that.

As one legend goes, the Queen of Sheba made Solomon swear that he wouldn't take her by force, and the queen promised she wouldn't take anything in his house. But being a pretty wily dude, Solomon gave the queen a whole lot of dry, salty food that made her thirsty, and later that night, when the queen tried to sneak a glass of water, Solomon called her out on breaking the deal.

As a result, he didn't have to hold up his part of the bargain. Granted, the story then says "they slept together," which seems to imply consent. Still, the whole thing is a little weird, but if the two actually did hook up, we're hoping it was more of a one night stand between intellectual equals than a case of royal date rape. There's a lot of weirdness around King Solomon getting it on with the queen.

There's no solid proof that it happened, and a lot of it is told through folklore. But one thing that would make total sense is the political intrigue around the Queen of Sheba's land. After all, folks were constantly going to war over territory. And King Solomon may have been wise, but even he might have fallen for all that potential gold and incense.

queen of sheba

Heaven allegedly provided the wreaths the people wore, as well as the water. On top of that, the dust of the country was said to be more valuable than gold.Thanks very much to Larus and everyone at Nordic Visitor.

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The Identity of the Queen of Sheba

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queen of sheba

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